• Assistant Professor, School of Nursing


Dr. Stoddard is an Assistant Professor in the School of Nursing with a joint appointment in the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education in the School of Public Health. Her research interests include understanding the interaction between individual factors and social and environmental factors (e.g., neighborhood characteristics), and how together they shape the psychosocial development and health trajectories of at-risk urban youth. In 2013, she was awarded an Early Career Development Award (K01) from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to study the role of neighborhood characteristics on the co-occurrence of alcohol and drug use and violence among youth. In addition, she studies the application of behavioral and ecological approaches to preventing risk behaviors in youth.


Aiyer, S. M., Heinze, J. E., Miller, A. L., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Exposure to Violence Predicting Cortisol Response During Adolescence and Early Adulthood: Understanding Moderating Factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(7), 1066–1079. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0097-8 Cite
Bauermeister, J. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Johns, M. M., Glowacki, P., Stoddard, S., & Volz, E. (2012). Innovative recruitment using online networks: lessons learned from an online study of alcohol and other drug use utilizing a web-based, Respondent-Driven Sampling (webRDS) strategy. J Stud Alcohol Drugs, 73(5), 834–838. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2012.73.834 Cite
Bhimani, R. H., Anderson, L. C., Henly, S. J., & Stoddard, S. A. (2011). Clinical measurement of limb spasticity in adults: state of the science. J Neurosci Nurs, 43(2), 104–115. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=21488584 Cite
Choe, D. E., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Developmental trajectories of African American adolescents’ family conflict: differences in mental health problems in young adulthood. Dev Psychol, 50(4), 1226–1232. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035199 Cite
Cordova, D., Heinze, J., Mistry, R., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S., Salas-Wright, C. P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Family functioning and parent support trajectories and substance use and misuse among minority urban adolescents: a latent class growth analysis. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(14), 1908–1919. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.935792 Cite
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2016). Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: An Analysis of Predisposing Factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(1), 225–238. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0267-3 Cite
Eisman, A. B., Lee, D. B., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). More Than Just Keeping Busy: The Protective Effects of Organized Activity Participation on Violence and Substance Use Among Urban Youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(10), 2231–2242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0868-8 Cite
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2017). Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: Associations with Young Adult Outcomes. Journal of Community Psychology, 45(4), 513–527. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.21863 Cite
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Depressive symptoms, social support, and violence exposure among urban youth: A longitudinal study of resilience. Developmental Psychology, 51(9), 1307–1316. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039501 Cite
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Organized Activity Participation and Relational Aggression: The Role of Positive Youth Development. Violence and Victims, 33(1), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.33.1.91 Cite
Goldstick, J. E., Lipton, R. I., Carter, P., Stoddard, S. A., Newton, M. F., Reischl, T., … Cunningham, R. M. (2015). The Effect of Neighborhood Context on the Relationship Between Substance Misuse and Weapons Aggression in Urban Adolescents Seeking ED Care. Substance Use & Misuse. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.998235 Cite
Goldstick, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Carter, P. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2016). Characteristic substance misuse profiles among youth entering an urban emergency department: neighborhood correlates and behavioral comorbidities. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 42(6), 671–681. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990.2016.1174707 Cite
Goldstick, J. E., Heinze, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Age-Specific Associations Between Violence Exposure and Past 30-Day Marijuana and Alcohol Use. Journal of Research on Adolescence: The Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence, 29(2), 480–492. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12399 Cite
Heinze, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Aiyer, S. M., Eisman, A. B., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2017). Exposure to violence during adolescence as a predictor of perceived stress trajectories in emerging adulthood. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 49, 31–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2017.01.005 Cite
Hsieh, H.-F., Heinze, J. E., Aiyer, S. M., Stoddard, S. A., Wang, J.-L., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Cross-domain influences on youth risky driving behaviors: A developmental cascade analysis. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 38, 11–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2015.03.002 Cite
Hurd, N. M., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Natural mentors, mental health, and substance use: Exploring pathways via coping and purpose. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 84(2), 190–200. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0099361 Cite
Hurd, N. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2013). Neighborhoods, social support, and African American adolescents’ mental health outcomes: a multilevel path analysis. Child Dev, 84(3), 858–874. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12018 Cite
Kruger, D. J., Carrothers, J., Franzen, S. P., Miller, A. L., Reischl, T. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). The Role of Present Time Perspective in Predicting Early Adolescent Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515619752 Cite
Lee, D. B., Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Peckins, M. K., Goldstick, J. E., Hsieh, H.-F., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Racial discrimination and cortisol in African American emerging adults: The role of neighborhood racial composition. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24(4), 521–529. https://doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000217 Cite
Lee, D. B., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Carter, P. M., Goldstick, J. E., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Longitudinal pathway from violence exposure to firearm carriage among adolescents: The role of future expectation. Journal of Adolescence, 81, 101–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.03.009 Cite
Morrel-Samuels, S., Rupp, L. A., Eisman, A. B., Miller, A. L., Stoddard, S. A., Franzen, S. P., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Measuring the Implementation of Youth Empowerment Solutions. Health Promotion Practice, 19(4), 581–589. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839917736511 Cite
Pierce, J., Schmidt, C., & Stoddard, S. A. (2015). The role of feared possible selves in the relationship between peer influence and delinquency. Journal of Adolescence, 38, 17–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.10.009 Cite
Schmidt, C. J., Zimmerman, M. A., & Stoddard, S. A. (2018). A Longitudinal Analysis of the Indirect Effect of Violence Exposure on Future Orientation Through Perceived Stress and the Buffering Effect of Family Participation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 62(1–2), 62–74. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12254 Cite
Singh, V., Walton, M. A., Whiteside, L. K., Stoddard, S., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Chermack, S. T., & Cunningham, R. M. (2014). Dating Violence Among Male and Female Youth Seeking Emergency Department Care. Ann Emerg Med. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.05.027 Cite
Singh, V., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Cunningham, R. M., Stoddard, S. A., Chermack, S. T., & Walton, M. A. (2015). Physical dating violence among adolescents and young adults with alcohol misuse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 153, 364–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.05.003 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., & Garcia, C. M. (2011). Hopefulness among non-u.s.-Born latino youth and young adults. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs, 24(4), 216–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6171.2011.00307.x Cite
Stoddard, S. A., & Pierce, J. (2015). Promoting Positive Future Expectations During Adolescence: The Role of Assets. American Journal of Community Psychology, 56(3–4), 332–341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-015-9754-7 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2011). Association of interpersonal violence with self-reported history of head injury. Pediatrics, 127(6), 1074–1079. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-2453 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Eisman, A., Aiyer, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). The transition from adolescence to adulthood and associated substance use/abuse. Adolesc Med State Art Rev, 24(3), 611–620. Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Whiteside, L., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Chermack, S. T., & Walton, M. A. (2013). The relationship between cumulative risk and promotive factors and violent behavior among urban adolescents. Am J Community Psychol, 51(1–2), 57–65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-012-9541-7 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., McMorris, B. J., & Sieving, R. E. (2010). Do Social Connections and Hope Matter in Predicting Early Adolescent Violence? Am J Community Psychol. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9387-9 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Henly, S. J., Sieving, R. E., & Bolland, J. (2011). Social connections, trajectories of hopelessness, and serious violence in impoverished urban youth. J Youth Adolesc, 40(3), 278–295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9580-z Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Blow, F. C., … Cunningham, R. M. (2015). Substance use and violence among youth: a daily calendar analysis. Substance Use & Misuse, 50(3), 328–339. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.980953 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Gordon-Messer, D., Johns, M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2012). Permissive norms and young adults’ alcohol and marijuana use: the role of online communities. J Stud Alcohol Drugs, 73(6), 968–975. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2012.73.968 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Varela, J. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Future Expectations, Attitude Toward Violence, and Bullying Perpetration During Early Adolescence: A Mediation Evaluation. Nursing Research, 64(6), 422–433. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000127 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2012). A Longitudinal Analysis of Cumulative Risks, Cumulative Promotive Factors, and Adolescent Violent Behavior. J Res Adolesc, 22(3), 542–555. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00786.x Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2011). Thinking about the future as a way to succeed in the present: a longitudinal study of future orientation and violent behaviors among African American youth. Am J Community Psychol, 48(3–4), 238–246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9383-0 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Choe, D. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Predicting violent behavior: The role of violence exposure and future educational aspirations during adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 44, 191–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.07.017 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Pierce, J., Hurd, N. M., Bauermeister, J. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Purpose and mastery as predictors of perceived health and substance use problems. Journal of Community Psychology, 47(6), 1514–1529. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22200 Cite
Stoddard, S. A., Hughesdon, K., Khan, A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Feasibility and acceptability of a future-oriented empowerment program to prevent substance use and school dropout among school-disengaged youth. Public Health Nursing (Boston, Mass.), 37(2), 251–261. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12706 Cite
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., & Alfaro, J. (2017). Life Satisfaction, School Satisfaction, and School Violence: A Mediation Analysis for Chilean Adolescent Victims and Perpetrators. Child Indicators Research, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-016-9442-7 Cite
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., & Stoddard, S. A. (2018). Cyberbullying Among Chilean Students and the Protective Effects of Positive School Communities. Journal of School Violence, 17(4), 430–442. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2017.1358640 Cite
Varela, J., Zimmerman, M., Ryan, A., Stoddard, S., & Heinze, J. (2018). School Attachment and Violent Attitudes Preventing Future Violent Behavior Among Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 088626051880031. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518800314 Cite
Zimmerman, M. A., Stoddard, S. A., Eisman, A. B., Caldwell, C. H., Aiyer, S. M., & Miller, A. (2013). Adolescent resilience: Promotive factors that inform prevention. Child Development Perspectives, 7(4), 215–220. Retrieved from http://proxy.lib.umich.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=psyh&AN=2013-40236-004&site=ehost-live&scope=site marcz@umich.edu Cite
Zimmerman, M. A., Eisman, A. B., Reischl, T. M., Morrel-Samuels, S., Stoddard, S., Miller, A. L., … Rupp, L. (2018). Youth Empowerment Solutions: Evaluation of an After-School Program to Engage Middle School Students in Community Change. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 45(1), 20–31. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198117710491 Cite