More than 19 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) occur each year; almost half occur in teens and young adults. Behaviors such as not using a condom or having several partners may increase the risk of getting an STI. Reaching young adults with prevention education and testing may reduce the spread of STIs and create healthy sexual behaviors that are maintained lifelong.
In Flint, Michigan, the rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for African American residents aged 18-24 are among the highest in the state. Compared to European Americans, African Americans are 6-7 times more likely to contract Chlamydia and 10-12 times more likely to have Gonorrhea. Further, the prevalence of HIV is 7 times higher among African Americans.
In response to these disparities, the PRC/MI Genesee County Community Board identified HIV and STIs as a high priority in the community and worked together to develop the HOPE project. The HOPE project aims to reduce STIs and HIV/AIDS in Genesee County through a peer education and social technology intervention. The specific aim is to test the effects of integrating technology into an evidence-based prevention program for STIs, including HIV, among 18-24 year olds. HOPE is the core research project of the Prevention Research Center of Michigan.
The HOPE project has two components: 1) home-based peer-led HIV/STI education parties and 2) an online intervention website and social media campaign. HOPE Parties, first developed by YOUR Center in 2001, are led by peer health educators trained in STI/HIV education and offer participants the opportunity to learn about HIV/STI prevention, assess their risk, participate in HIV/STI testing, develop a safer sex behavior plan, and practice communication and decision-making skills.
The HOPE party intervention in Genesee County adds a social technology component in which participants are invited to explore and interactive website developed by the researchers that features blogs, a discussion forum, sexual health videos, links to other social networking sites, and information about local resources. The online community is intended to expand educational opportunities, enhance peer mentoring, and establish an online source for information and support.
The HOPE parties in Genesee County are being led and coordinated by staff at YOUR Center in Flint. The Saginaw County Department of Public Health is coordinating the HOPE parties in Saginaw County.
Veinot, T. C., Campbell, T. R., Kruger, D. J., & Grodzinski, A. (2013). A question of trust: user-centered design requirements for an informatics intervention to promote the sexual health of African-American youth. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA, 20(4), 758–765. https://doi.org/10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001361
Kimmel, A., Williams, T. T., Veinot, T. C., Campbell, B., Campbell, T. R., Valacak, M., & Kruger, D. J. (2013). “I make sure I am safe and I make sure I have myself in every way possible”: African-American youth perspectives on sexuality education. Sex Educ, 13(2), 172–185. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2012.709840
Veinot, T. C., Campbell, T. R., Kruger, D., Grodzinski, A., & Franzen, S. (2011). Drama and danger: the opportunities and challenges of promoting youth sexual health through online social networks. AMIA ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / AMIA Symposium. AMIA Symposium, 2011, 1436–1445.
Reischl, T., Bland, L. B., Campbell, B., Grodzinski, A., Franzen, S., Morrel-Samuels, S., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2014, November). HIV/STI Outreach, Prevention and Education (HOPE): Effects on Healthy Sexuality Knowledge, perceived norms, efficacy and behavior. New Orleans, LA.
Campbell, T., Veinot, T., & Grodzinski, A. (2014, November). Trust and engagement in an online social networking intervention focused on enhancing HIV/STD resilience among African American youth. Poster presented at the American Medical Informatics Association Conference, Washington, D.C.
Grodzinski, A., Turner, A., Hawkins, B., Morrel-Samuels, S., Campbell, B., Campbell, T., … Zimmerman, M. A. (2013, November). Implementing a social media marketing strategy to engage African American young adults in an online intervention to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, Boston, MA.
Turner, A., Hawkins, B., Grodzinski, A., Campbell, T., Morrel-Samuels, S., Campbell, B., & Zimmerman, M. (2013, March). Using social media to engage young adults in an online intervention to prevent HIV/STIs. Poster presented at the 5th Annual Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research (MICHR) Community Engagement Conference, Ann Arbor, MI. Retrieved from http://prc.sph.umich.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/HOPE_Poster-michr-2013-final.pdf
Johnson, P., Okungbowa-Ikponmwosa, J., Roberts, S., Santee, E., Franzen, S., Campbell, B., & Campbell, T. (2013, February). Promoting healthy sexual education through HOPE (HIV/STI Outreach, Prevention, and Education) Parties: A community based initiative process evaluation. Presented at the 5th Annual Minority Health in the Midwest Conference, Chicago, IL.
Campbell, B., & Morrel-Samuels, S. (2012, March). HOPE Project: A Community Based Intervention to Prevent HIV and STIs in young adults. Keynote presented at the Great Lakes Chapter – Society for Public Health Education Annual Conference, Bay City, MI.
Grodzinski, A., Morrel-Samuels, S., Franzen, S., Campbell, T., Campbell, B., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2011, November). Lessons learned in planning and implementing an Internet-based intervention to prevent sexually transmitted infections among African-American young adults. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.
Grodzinski, A., Campbell, B., Morrel-Samuels, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2011, April). Lessons Learned in Developing and Implementing an e-intervention for STD prevention and education. Paper presented at the PRC Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Campbell, T., Kimmel, A., & Kruger, D. (2011, Ocotober). Youth definitions of healthy sexuality: Implications for social technology use. Poster presented at the Annual National Outreach Scholarship Conference, East Lansing, MI.
Grodzinski, A., Morrel-Samuels, S., & Campbell, T. (2010, October). Lessons Learned in Creating an E-intervention to Prevent HIV and STDs. Presented at the Michigan Premier Public Health Conference, Bay City, MI.
The Prevention Research Center at the University of Michigan School of Public Health promotes safe and healthy futures through prevention research.
In partnership with local health departments, community organizations and health care providers, we aim to develop sustainable strategies for disease prevention and health promotion for families and communities.