Marc Zimmerman, PhD

A photo of Marc Zimmerman, Ph.D.

Director, Prevention Research Collaborative

Dr. Zimmerman is the Director of the Prevention Research Collaborative and the CDC-funded Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center. Dr. Zimmerman’s research focuses on health and resiliency of adolescents, and on empowerment theory. His work on adolescent health examines how positive factors in adolescents’ lives help them overcome risks they face. His research includes analysis of adolescent resiliency for risks associated with alcohol and drug use, violent behavior, precocious sexual behavior, and school failure. He is also studying developmental transitions and longitudinal models of change. Dr. Zimmerman’s work on empowerment theory includes measurement and analysis of psychological and community empowerment. The research includes both longitudinal interview studies and community intervention research. Dr. Zimmerman is the Editor of Youth and Society, a member of the editorial board for Health Education Research, and a member of the Editor Emerita of Health Education and Behavior.

Publications

Lyons, V. H., Myers, M. G., Cunningham, R. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Carter, P. M., Walton, M. A., & Goldstick, J. (2024). Experiencing violence and other predictors of within-person same-day use of multiple substances in youth: a longitudinal study in emergency settings. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 50(2), 218–228. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990.2024.2307546
Lee, D. B., Simmons, M., Sokol, R. L., Crimmins, H., LaRose, J., Zimmerman, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2024). Firearm suicide risk beliefs and prevention: The role of fear of community violence and firearm ownership for protection. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 171, 340–345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2024.01.034
Messman, E., Heinze, J., Hsieh, H.-F., Hockley, N., Pomerantz, N., Grodzinski, A., Scott, B., Goldstein, N., & Zimmerman, M. (2024). Anonymous Reporting Systems for School-Based Violence Prevention: A Systematic Review. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 51(1), 62–70. https://doi.org/10.1177/10901981211073734
Sokol, R. L., Lee, D., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Pelletier, K., Zimmerman, M., & Carter, P. M. (2024). Associations between experiencing violence, owning a firearm for protection and firearm storage: a nationally representative analysis of US caregivers of teens. Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 30(1), 27–32. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip-2023-044901
Thulin, E. J., Kusunoki, Y., Kernsmith, P. D., Smith-Darden, J. P., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Zimmerman, M., & Heinze, J. E. (2023). Longitudinal Effects of Electronic Dating Violence on Depressive Symptoms and Delinquent Behaviors Across Adolescence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 8862605231221281. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605231221281
Thulin, E. J., Kusunoki, Y., Kernsmith, P. D., Smith-Darden, J. P., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Zimmerman, M., & Heinze, J. E. (2023). Longitudinal Effects of Electronic Dating Violence on Depressive Symptoms and Delinquent Behaviors Across Adolescence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 8862605231221281. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605231221281
Wu, T.-Y., Hsieh, H.-F., Resnicow, K., Carter, P. M., Chow, C. M., & Zimmerman, M. (2023). Understanding the Intersectionality of COVID-19 Racism, Mental Distress, Alcohol Use, and Firearm Purchase Behavior Among Asian Americans. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-023-01874-1
Bushman, G., Kondo, M. C., Rupp, L. A., Hohl, B. C., Gong, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Associations between land bank ownership and stewardship of vacant properties and crime, violence, and youth victimization in Flint, MI. American Journal of Community Psychology, 72(3–4), 428–442. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12706
Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Rupp, L. A., Sadler, R. C., Gong, C. H., Le, K., Hertlein, M., Kelly, C., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Community identified characteristics related to illegal dumping; a mixed methods study to inform prevention. Journal of Environmental Management, 346, 118930. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.118930
Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Rupp, L. A., Sadler, R. C., Gong, C. H., Le, K., Hertlein, M., Kelly, C., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Community identified characteristics related to illegal dumping; a mixed methods study to inform prevention. Journal of Environmental Management, 346, 118930. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.118930
Rauk, L., Rupp, L., Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Ornelas, L., Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Lessons learned from local vacant land management organizations for engaging youth in greening. American Journal of Community Psychology, 72(1–2), 187–202. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12688
Skolarus, L. E., Bailey, S., Corches, C. L., Sales, A. E., Lin, C. C., Bi, R., Springer, M. V., Oliver, A., Robles, M. C., Brooks, T., Tupper, M., Jaggi, M., Al-Qasmi, M., Trevithick, B. A., Barber, K., Majjhoo, A., Zimmerman, M. A., Meurer, W. J., Brown, D. L., … Burke, J. F. (2023). Association of the Stroke Ready Community-Based Participatory Research Intervention With Incidence of Acute Stroke Thrombolysis in Flint, Michigan. JAMA Network Open, 6(7), e2321558. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.21558
Rauk, L., Rupp, L., Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Ornelas, L., Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Lessons learned from local vacant land management organizations for engaging youth in greening. American Journal of Community Psychology, ajcp.12688. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12688
Haasz, M., Myers, M. G., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Zimmerman, M. A., Seewald, L., Sokol, R. L., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2023). Firearms Availability Among High-School Age Youth With Recent Depression or Suicidality. Pediatrics, 151(6), e2022059532. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2022-059532
Sokol, R. L., Haasz, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2023). The association between witnessing firearm violence and firearm carriage: Results from a national study of teens. Preventive Medicine, 171, 107516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2023.107516
Roche, J. S., Carter, P. M., Zeoli, A. M., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Challenges, Successes, and the Future of Firearm Injury Prevention. The Milbank Quarterly, 101(S1), 579–612. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0009.12621
Hsieh, H.-F., Scott, B. A., Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Kleinsasser, M. J., & Heinze, J. (2023). Exposure to Violence at School and School-Related Promotive Factors Among Adolescents in Urban Settings. Journal of School Violence, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2023.2186419
Gong, C. H., Bushman, G., Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Grodzinski, A., Branas, C. C., Vagi, K. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2023). Community engagement, greening, and violent crime: A test of the greening hypothesis and Busy Streets. American Journal of Community Psychology, 71(1–2), 198–210. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12622
Florimbio, A. R., Coughlin, L. N., Bauermeister, J. A., Young, S. D., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., & Bonar, E. E. (2023). Risky Drinking in Adolescents and Emerging Adults: Differences between Individuals Using Alcohol Only versus Polysubstances. Substance Use & Misuse, 58(2), 211–220. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2022.2152192
Florimbio, A. R., Coughlin, L. N., Bauermeister, J. A., Young, S. D., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., & Bonar, E. E. (2022). Risky Drinking in Adolescents and Emerging Adults: Differences between Individuals Using Alcohol Only versus Polysubstances. Substance Use & Misuse, 0(0), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2022.2152192
Seewald, L. A., Myers, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Haasz, M., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Firearm safety counseling among caregivers of high-school age teens: Results from a National Survey. Preventive Medicine, 165(Pt A), 107285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107285
Seewald, L. A., Myers, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Haasz, M., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Firearm safety counseling among caregivers of high-school age teens: Results from a National Survey. Preventive Medicine, 165(Pt A), 107285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107285
Pelletier, K. R., Schmidt, C. J., Seewald, L., Cunningham, R. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Resnicow, K., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Understanding factors associated with firearm possession: Examining differences between male and female adolescents and emerging adults seeking emergency department care. Preventive Medicine, 165(Pt A), 107286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107286
Seewald, L. A., Myers, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Haasz, M., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Firearm safety counseling among caregivers of high-school age teens: Results from a National Survey. Preventive Medicine, 165(Pt A), 107285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107285
Messman, E., Scott, B., Smith-Darden, J., Cortina, K., Thulin, E., Zimmerman, M., & Kernsmith, P. (2022). Psychological empowerment as a route for positive adjustment during adolescence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 83, 101458. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2022.101458
Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Evaluating Community Factors Associated With Individually Held Intimate Partner Violence Beliefs Across 51 Countries. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(21–22), NP20065–NP20091. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605211050104
Hsieh, H.-F., Wu, W.-C., Córdova, D., Heinze, J. E., Pomerantz, N., Buu, A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). The Intergenerational Transmission of Family Conflict on Children’s Aggression: The Compensatory Effect of Positive Parenting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(21–22), NP20769–NP20792. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605211056025
Pelletier, K. R., Schmidt, C. J., Seewald, L., Cunningham, R. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Resnicow, K., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Understanding factors associated with firearm possession: Examining differences between male and female adolescents and emerging adults seeking emergency department care. Preventive Medicine, 107286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107286
Seewald, L. A., Myers, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Haasz, M., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Firearm safety counseling among caregivers of high-school age teens: Results from a National Survey. Preventive Medicine, 107285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107285
Hsieh, H.-F., Lee, D. B., Zimmerman, M. A., Pomerantz, N., Cunningham, M. C., Messman, E., Stoddard, S. A., Grodzinski, A. R., & Heinze, J. E. (2022). The Effectiveness of the Say-Something Anonymous Reporting System in Preventing School Violence: A Cluster Randomized Control Trial in 19 Middle Schools. Journal of School Violence, 0(0), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2022.2105858
Martin, R., Rajan, S., Shareef, F., Xie, K. C., Allen, K. A., Zimmerman, M., & Jay, J. (2022). Racial Disparities in Child Exposure to Firearm Violence Before and During COVID-19. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 63(2), 204–212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2022.02.007
Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Addressing Residential Segregation as a Social Determinant of Health. JAMA Network Open, 5(6), e2222619. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.22619
Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Addressing Residential Segregation as a Social Determinant of Health. JAMA Network Open, 5(6), e2222619. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.22619
Rupp, L. A., Kondo, M. C., Hohl, B. C., Sing, E. K., Grodzinski, A. R., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). The effects of organizations engaging residents in greening vacant lots: Insights from a United States national survey. Cities, 125, 103669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2022.103669
Wu, T.-Y., Hsieh, H.-F., Chow, C. M., Yang, X., Resnicow, K., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Examining racism and firearm-related risks among Asian Americans in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preventive Medicine Reports, 27, 101800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101800
Wu, T.-Y., Hsieh, H.-F., Chow, C. M., Yang, X., Resnicow, K., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Examining racism and firearm-related risks among Asian Americans in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preventive Medicine Reports, 27, 101800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101800
Wu, T.-Y., Hsieh, H.-F., Chow, C. M., Yang, X., Resnicow, K., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Examining racism and firearm-related risks among Asian Americans in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preventive Medicine Reports, 27, 101800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101800
Lee, D. B., Schmidt, C. J., Heinze, J. E., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., Walton, M. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Retaliatory attitudes as mediator of exposure to violence and firearm aggression among youth: The protective role of organized activity involvement. Developmental Psychology, 58(5), 990–1002. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0001339
Hsieh, H.-F., Heinze, J. E., Caruso, E., Scott, B. A., West, B. T., Mistry, R., Eisman, A. B., Assari, S., Buu, A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). The Protective Effects of Social Support on Hypertension Among African American Adolescents Exposed to Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(9–10), NP7202–NP7224. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260520969390
Reeping, P. M., Klarevas, L., Rajan, S., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Heinze, J., Zeoli, A. M., Goyal, M. K., Zimmerman, M. A., & Branas, C. C. (2022). State Firearm Laws, Gun Ownership, and K-12 School Shootings: Implications for School Safety. Journal of School Violence, 21(2), 132–146. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2021.2018332
Busby, D. R., Hope, M. O., Lee, D. B., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Racial Discrimination and Trajectories of Problematic Alcohol Use Among African American Emerging Adults: The Role of Organizational Religious Involvement. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 49(2), 242–255. https://doi.org/10.1177/10901981211051650
Martin, R., Rajan, S., Shareef, F., Xie, K., Allen, K., Zimmerman, M., & Jay, J. (2022). Racial Disparities in Child Exposure to Firearm Violence Before and During COVID-19. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2022.02.007
Gong, C., Bushman, G., Hohl, B., Kondo, M., Carter, P., Cunningham, R., Rupp, L., Grodzinski, A., Branas, C., Vagi, K., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Community engagement, greening, and violent crime: a test of the greening hypothesis and busy streets. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A44–A44. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2022-SAVIR.113
Pelletier, K., Pizarro, J., Zimmerman, M., Carter, P., & Cunningham, R. (2022). The impact of prior exposure to violence and victimization on parental firearm ownership. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A33–A34. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2022-SAVIR.86
Hohl, B., Kondo, M., Bushman, G., Gong, C., Burt, C., Cunningham, R., Carter, P., Branas, C., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). The neighborhoods we live in: relationships between disadvantage, greening and violent injury. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A55–A55. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2022-SAVIR.143
Seewald, L., Meyers, M., Zimmerman, M., Walton, M., Cunningham, R., Rupp, L., & Carter, P. (2022). Rates and correlates of firearm safety rules among a nationally representative sample of parents of high-school age youth. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A40–A40. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2022-SAVIR.102
Haasz, M., Myers, M., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Zimmerman, M. A., Sokol, R., Seewald, L., Cunningham, R., & Carter, P. (2022). Lethal Means Availability Among Youth with Recent Depression or Suicidality: Examining Firearm Ownership and Access Among a Nationally Representative Sample. Pediatrics, 149(1 Meeting Abstracts February 2022), 128.
Messman, E., Heinze, J., Hsieh, H.-F., Hockley, N., Pomerantz, N., Grodzinski, A., Scott, B., Goldstein, N., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Anonymous Reporting Systems for School-Based Violence Prevention: A Systematic Review. Health Education & Behavior, 10901981211073734. https://doi.org/10.1177/10901981211073734
Thulin, E. J., Lee, D. B., Eisman, A. B., Reischl, T. M., Hutchison, P., Franzen, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Longitudinal effects of Youth Empowerment Solutions: Preventing youth aggression and increasing prosocial behavior. American Journal of Community Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12577
Sokol, R. L., Bushman, G., Gong, C. H., Rupp, L., Ryan, J. P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Associations Between Micro-neighborhood Greening and Child Maltreatment. International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42448-021-00109-2