Marc Zimmerman, PhD

A photo of Marc Zimmerman, Ph.D.

Director, Prevention Research Collaborative

Dr. Zimmerman is the Director of the Prevention Research Collaborative and the CDC-funded Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center. Dr. Zimmerman’s research focuses on health and resiliency of adolescents, and on empowerment theory. His work on adolescent health examines how positive factors in adolescents’ lives help them overcome risks they face. His research includes analysis of adolescent resiliency for risks associated with alcohol and drug use, violent behavior, precocious sexual behavior, and school failure. He is also studying developmental transitions and longitudinal models of change. Dr. Zimmerman’s work on empowerment theory includes measurement and analysis of psychological and community empowerment. The research includes both longitudinal interview studies and community intervention research. Dr. Zimmerman is the Editor of Youth and Society, a member of the editorial board for Health Education Research, and a member of the Editor Emerita of Health Education and Behavior.


Florimbio, A. R., Coughlin, L. N., Bauermeister, J. A., Young, S. D., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., & Bonar, E. E. (2022). Risky Drinking in Adolescents and Emerging Adults: Differences between Individuals Using Alcohol Only versus Polysubstances. Substance Use & Misuse, 0(0), 1–10.
Messman, E., Scott, B., Smith-Darden, J., Cortina, K., Thulin, E., Zimmerman, M., & Kernsmith, P. (2022). Psychological empowerment as a route for positive adjustment during adolescence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 83, 101458.
Gong, C. H., Bushman, G., Hohl, B. C., Kondo, M. C., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Grodzinski, A., Branas, C. C., Vagi, K. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Community engagement, greening, and violent crime: A test of the greening hypothesis and Busy Streets. American Journal of Community Psychology, n/a(n/a).
Pelletier, K. R., Schmidt, C. J., Seewald, L., Cunningham, R. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Resnicow, K., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Understanding factors associated with firearm possession: Examining differences between male and female adolescents and emerging adults seeking emergency department care. Preventive Medicine, 107286.
Seewald, L. A., Myers, M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Rupp, L. A., Haasz, M., & Carter, P. M. (2022). Firearm safety counseling among caregivers of high-school age teens: Results from a National Survey. Preventive Medicine, 107285.
Hsieh, H.-F., Lee, D. B., Zimmerman, M. A., Pomerantz, N., Cunningham, M. C., Messman, E., Stoddard, S. A., Grodzinski, A. R., & Heinze, J. E. (2022). The Effectiveness of the Say-Something Anonymous Reporting System in Preventing School Violence: A Cluster Randomized Control Trial in 19 Middle Schools. Journal of School Violence, 0(0), 1–16.
Carter, P. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Addressing Residential Segregation as a Social Determinant of Health. JAMA Network Open, 5(6), e2222619.
Rupp, L. A., Kondo, M. C., Hohl, B. C., Sing, E. K., Grodzinski, A. R., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). The effects of organizations engaging residents in greening vacant lots: Insights from a United States national survey. Cities, 125, 103669.
Wu, T.-Y., Hsieh, H.-F., Chow, C. M., Yang, X., Resnicow, K., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Examining racism and firearm-related risks among Asian Americans in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preventive Medicine Reports, 27, 101800.
Reeping, P. M., Klarevas, L., Rajan, S., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Heinze, J., Zeoli, A. M., Goyal, M. K., Zimmerman, M. A., & Branas, C. C. (2022). State Firearm Laws, Gun Ownership, and K-12 School Shootings: Implications for School Safety. Journal of School Violence, 21(2), 132–146.
Martin, R., Rajan, S., Shareef, F., Xie, K., Allen, K., Zimmerman, M., & Jay, J. (2022). Racial Disparities in Child Exposure to Firearm Violence Before and During COVID-19. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Gong, C., Bushman, G., Hohl, B., Kondo, M., Carter, P., Cunningham, R., Rupp, L., Grodzinski, A., Branas, C., Vagi, K., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Community engagement, greening, and violent crime: a test of the greening hypothesis and busy streets. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A44–A44.
Pelletier, K., Pizarro, J., Zimmerman, M., Carter, P., & Cunningham, R. (2022). The impact of prior exposure to violence and victimization on parental firearm ownership. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A33–A34.
Hohl, B., Kondo, M., Bushman, G., Gong, C., Burt, C., Cunningham, R., Carter, P., Branas, C., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). The neighborhoods we live in: relationships between disadvantage, greening and violent injury. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A55–A55.
Seewald, L., Meyers, M., Zimmerman, M., Walton, M., Cunningham, R., Rupp, L., & Carter, P. (2022). Rates and correlates of firearm safety rules among a nationally representative sample of parents of high-school age youth. Injury Prevention, 28(Suppl 1), A40–A40.
Haasz, M., Myers, M., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Zimmerman, M. A., Sokol, R., Seewald, L., Cunningham, R., & Carter, P. (2022). Lethal Means Availability Among Youth with Recent Depression or Suicidality: Examining Firearm Ownership and Access Among a Nationally Representative Sample. Pediatrics, 149(1 Meeting Abstracts February 2022), 128.
Messman, E., Heinze, J., Hsieh, H.-F., Hockley, N., Pomerantz, N., Grodzinski, A., Scott, B., Goldstein, N., & Zimmerman, M. (2022). Anonymous Reporting Systems for School-Based Violence Prevention: A Systematic Review. Health Education & Behavior, 10901981211073734.
Thulin, E. J., Lee, D. B., Eisman, A. B., Reischl, T. M., Hutchison, P., Franzen, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Longitudinal effects of Youth Empowerment Solutions: Preventing youth aggression and increasing prosocial behavior. American Journal of Community Psychology.
Sokol, R. L., Bushman, G., Gong, C. H., Rupp, L., Ryan, J. P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Associations Between Micro-neighborhood Greening and Child Maltreatment. International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice.
Sokol, R. L., Kumodzi, T., Cunningham, R. M., Resnicow, K., Steiger, M., Walton, M., Zimmerman, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2022). The association between perceived community violence, police bias, race, and firearm carriage among urban adolescents and young adults. Preventive Medicine, 154, 106897.
Lee, D. B., Schmidt, C. J., Heinze, J. E., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., Walton, M. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2022). Retaliatory attitudes as mediator of exposure to violence and firearm aggression among youth: The protective role of organized activity involvement. Developmental Psychology, No Pagination Specified-No Pagination Specified.
Redecke, V., Tawaratsumida, K., Larragoite, E. T., Williams, E. S. C. P., Planelles, V., Spivak, A. M., Hirayama, L., Elgort, M., Swenson, S., Smith, R., Worthen, B., Zimmerman, R., Slev, P., Cahoon, B., Astill, M., & Häcker, H. (2021). A rapid and affordable point of care test for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 based on hemagglutination and artificial intelligence interpretation. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 24507.
Busby, D. R., Hope, M. O., Lee, D. B., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Racial Discrimination and Trajectories of Problematic Alcohol Use Among African American Emerging Adults: The Role of Organizational Religious Involvement. Health Education & Behavior, 10901981211051650.
Hsieh, H.-F., Wu, W.-C., Córdova, D., Heinze, J. E., Pomerantz, N., Buu, A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). The Intergenerational Transmission of Family Conflict on Children’s Aggression: The Compensatory Effect of Positive Parenting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 08862605211056025.
Sokol, R. L., Zimmerman, M. A., Rupp, L., Heinze, J. E., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2021). Firearm purchasing during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in households with teens: a national study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 44(6), 874–882.
Sokol, R. L., Marineau, L., Zimmerman, M. A., Rupp, L. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2021). Why some parents made firearms more accessible during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a national study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 44(6), 867–873.
Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Evaluating Community Factors Associated With Individually Held Intimate Partner Violence Beliefs Across 51 Countries. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 8862605211050104.
Thulin, E. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Kusunoki, Y., Kernsmith, P., Smith-Darden, J., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). Electronic Teen Dating Violence Curves by Age. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
Sokol, R. L., Schmidt, C., Miller, A. L., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M., Resnicow, K., Cunningham, R. M., & Carter, P. M. (2021). Motivations for firearm possession and storage practices among urban young adults: differences between parents and non-parents. Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 27(5), 409–412.
Cunningham, M. C., Cobbina, J. E., Melde, C., Abad, D., Almanza, M., Goldstick, J. E., Zimmerman, M. A., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). Attitudes Towards Police and Weapon Carriage Among Adolescents. American Journal of Criminal Justice.
Burt, C. J., Kondo, M. C., Hohl, B. C., Gong, C. H., Bushman, G., Wixom, C., South, E. C., Cunningham, R. M., Carter, P. M., Branas, C. C., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Community Greening, Fear of Crime, and Mental Health Outcomes. American Journal of Community Psychology.
Hsieh, H.-F., Mistry, R., Lee, D. B., Scott, B. A., Eisman, A. B., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). The Longitudinal Association Between Exposure to Violence and Patterns of Health Risk Behaviors Among African American Youth. American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP, 35(6), 794–802.
Clark, D. A., Arterberry, B. J., Walton, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Goldstick, J. E., Zimmerman, M. A., Davis, A. K., & Bonar, E. E. (2021). Examining Same-Day Associations Between Cannabis Use Motives and Condom Use in Urban Emerging Adults: A Brief Report. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 82(4), 516–521.
Weitzman, A., Barber, J. S., Heinze, J., & Zimmerman, M. (2021). How Nearby Homicides Affect Young Women’s Pregnancy Desires: Evidence From a Quasi-Experiment. Demography, 58(3), 927–950.
Zimmerman, M. A., & Astor, R. A. (2021). Racism Obstructs the Path to School Safety and Educational Equity: The Need for an Anti-Racism Focus in School Violence Prevention. The Journal of School Health, 91(6), 443–446.
Assari, S., Boyce, S., Mistry, R., Thomas, A., Nicholson, H. L., Cobb, R. J., Cuevas, A. G., Lee, D. B., Bazargan, M., Caldwell, C. H., Curry, T. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Parents’ Perceived Neighborhood Safety and Children’s Cognitive Performance: Complexities by Race, Ethnicity, and Cognitive Domain. Urban Science (Basel, Switzerland), 5(2), 46.
Carter, P. M., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2021). Addressing Key Gaps in Existing Longitudinal Research and Establishing a Pathway Forward for Firearm Violence Prevention Research. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53, 50(3), 367–384.
Assari, S., Boyce, S., Bazargan, M., Thomas, A., Cobb, R. J., Hudson, D., Curry, T. J., Nicholson, H. L., Cuevas, A. G., Mistry, R., Chavous, T. M., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Parental Educational Attainment, the Superior Temporal Cortical Surface Area, and Reading Ability among American Children: A Test of Marginalization-Related Diminished Returns. Children (Basel, Switzerland), 8(5), 412.
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). School Attachment and Violent Attitudes Preventing Future Violent Behavior Among Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(9–10), NP5407–NP5426.
Zimmerman, M. A., Bartholow, B. N., Carter, P. M., Cunningham, R. M., Gorman-Smith, D., Heinze, J. E., Hohl, B., Kingston, B. E., Sigel, E. J., Sullivan, T. N., Vagi, K. J., Bowen, D. A., & Wendel, M. L. (2021). Youth Firearm Injury Prevention: Applications from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Funded Youth Violence Prevention Centers. American Journal of Public Health, 111(S1), S32–S34.
Kingston, B. E., Zimmerman, M. A., Wendel, M. L., Gorman-Smith, D., Wright-Kelly, E., Mattson, S. A., & Trudeau, A.-R. T. (2021). Developing and Implementing Community-Level Strategies for Preventing Youth Violence in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 111(S1), S20–S24.
Gorman-Smith, D., Bechhoefer, D., Cosey-Gay, F. N., Kingston, B. E., Nation, M. A., Vagi, K. J., Villamar, J. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). A Model for Effective Community-Academic Partnerships for Youth Violence Prevention. American Journal of Public Health, 111(S1), S25–S27.
Lee, D. B., Peckins, M. K., Miller, A. L., Hope, M. O., Neblett, E. W., Assari, S., Muñoz-Velázquez, J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Pathways from racial discrimination to cortisol/DHEA imbalance: protective role of religious involvement. Ethnicity & Health, 26(3), 413–430.
Heinze, J. E., Hsieh, H.-F., Thulin, E., Howe, K., Miller, A. L., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Adolescent Exposure to Violence and Intimate-Partner Violence Mediated by Mental Distress. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 72.
Thulin, E. J., Heinze, J. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2021). Adolescent Adverse Childhood Experiences and Risk of Adult Intimate Partner Violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 60(1), 80–86.
Sokol, R. L., Heinze, J., Doan, J., Normand, M., Grodzinski, A., Pomerantz, N., Scott, B. A., Gaswirth, M., & Zimmerman, M. (2021). Crisis Interventions in Schools: A Systematic Review. Journal of School Violence, 20(2), 241–260.
Sokol, R. L., Goldstick, J., Zimmerman, M. A., Muzik, M., Rosenblum, K. L., & Miller, A. L. (2020). Transitions into and out of post-traumatic stress among children involved in the child welfare system. Children and Youth Services Review, 118.
Trickett, E., Zimmerman, M. A., & Romer, D. (2020). James G. Kelly (1929-2020). The American Psychologist, 75(8), 1181.
Hsieh, H.-F., Heinze, J. E., Caruso, E., Scott, B. A., West, B. T., Mistry, R., Eisman, A. B., Assari, S., Buu, A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). The Protective Effects of Social Support on Hypertension Among African American Adolescents Exposed to Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 886260520969390.
Anderson, R. E., Lee, D. B., Hope, M. O., Nisbeth, K., Bess, K., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Disrupting the Behavioral Health Consequences of Racial Discrimination: A Longitudinal Investigation of Racial Identity Profiles and Alcohol-Related Problems. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 47(5), 706–717.