Sarah Stoddard, PhD, RN

A photo of Sarah Stoddard, Ph.D., R.N.

Assistant Professor, School of Nursing

Dr. Stoddard is an Assistant Professor in the School of Nursing with a joint appointment in the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education in the School of Public Health. Her research interests include understanding the interaction between individual factors and social and environmental factors (e.g., neighborhood characteristics), and how together they shape the psychosocial development and health trajectories of at-risk urban youth. In 2013, she was awarded an Early Career Development Award (K01) from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to study the role of neighborhood characteristics on the co-occurrence of alcohol and drug use and violence among youth. In addition, she studies the application of behavioral and ecological approaches to preventing risk behaviors in youth.

Publications

Hsieh, H.-F., Scott, B. A., Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Kleinsasser, M. J., & Heinze, J. (2023). Exposure to Violence at School and School-Related Promotive Factors Among Adolescents in Urban Settings. Journal of School Violence, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2023.2186419
Hsieh, H.-F., Lee, D. B., Zimmerman, M. A., Pomerantz, N., Cunningham, M. C., Messman, E., Stoddard, S. A., Grodzinski, A. R., & Heinze, J. E. (2022). The Effectiveness of the Say-Something Anonymous Reporting System in Preventing School Violence: A Cluster Randomized Control Trial in 19 Middle Schools. Journal of School Violence, 0(0), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2022.2105858
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). School Attachment and Violent Attitudes Preventing Future Violent Behavior Among Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(9–10), NP5407–NP5426. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518800314
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Heinze, J. E. (2021). School Attachment and Violent Attitudes Preventing Future Violent Behavior Among Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(9–10), NP5407–NP5426. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518800314
Schmidt, C. J., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Examining contextual and relational factors influencing perceptions of societal and interpersonal mattering among rural youth. Journal of Community Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22401
Stoddard, S. A., Meier-Austic, E., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Walton, M., Carter, P. M., Heinze, J. E., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. (2020). Substance use and mental health predictors of patterns of non-partner youth violence among high-risk urban youth. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 213, 108117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108117
Lee, D. B., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Carter, P. M., Goldstick, J. E., Cunningham, M. C., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Longitudinal pathway from violence exposure to firearm carriage among adolescents: The role of future expectation. Journal of Adolescence, 81, 101–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.03.009
Stoddard, S. A., Hughesdon, K., Khan, A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2020). Feasibility and acceptability of a future-oriented empowerment program to prevent substance use and school dropout among school-disengaged youth. Public Health Nursing (Boston, Mass.), 37(2), 251–261. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12706
Goldstick, J. E., Heinze, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Cunningham, R. M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Age-Specific Associations Between Violence Exposure and Past 30-Day Marijuana and Alcohol Use. Journal of Research on Adolescence: The Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence, 29(2), 480–492. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12399
Stoddard, S. A., Pierce, J., Hurd, N. M., Bauermeister, J. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2019). Purpose and mastery as predictors of perceived health and substance use problems. Journal of Community Psychology, 47(6), 1514–1529. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22200
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., & Stoddard, S. A. (2018). Cyberbullying Among Chilean Students and the Protective Effects of Positive School Communities. Journal of School Violence, 17(4), 430–442. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2017.1358640
Lee, D. B., Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Peckins, M. K., Goldstick, J. E., Hsieh, H.-F., Muñoz-Velázquez, J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Racial discrimination and cortisol in African American emerging adults: The role of neighborhood racial composition. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24(4), 521–529. https://doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000217
Eisman, A. B., Lee, D. B., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). More Than Just Keeping Busy: The Protective Effects of Organized Activity Participation on Violence and Substance Use Among Urban Youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(10), 2231–2242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0868-8
Schmidt, C. J., Zimmerman, M. A., & Stoddard, S. A. (2018). A Longitudinal Analysis of the Indirect Effect of Violence Exposure on Future Orientation Through Perceived Stress and the Buffering Effect of Family Participation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 62(1–2), 62–74. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12254
Morrel-Samuels, S., Rupp, L. A., Eisman, A. B., Miller, A. L., Stoddard, S. A., Franzen, S. P., Hutchison, P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Measuring the Implementation of Youth Empowerment Solutions. Health Promotion Practice, 19(4), 581–589. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839917736511
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2018). Organized Activity Participation and Relational Aggression: The Role of Positive Youth Development. Violence and Victims, 33(1), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.33.1.91
Zimmerman, M. A., Eisman, A. B., Reischl, T. M., Morrel-Samuels, S., Stoddard, S., Miller, A. L., Hutchison, P., Franzen, S., & Rupp, L. (2018). Youth Empowerment Solutions: Evaluation of an After-School Program to Engage Middle School Students in Community Change. Health Education & Behavior: The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 45(1), 20–31. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198117710491
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2017). Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: Associations with Young Adult Outcomes. Journal of Community Psychology, 45(4), 513–527. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.21863
Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., & Alfaro, J. (2017). Life Satisfaction, School Satisfaction, and School Violence: A Mediation Analysis for Chilean Adolescent Victims and Perpetrators. Child Indicators Research, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-016-9442-7
Heinze, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Aiyer, S. M., Eisman, A. B., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2017). Exposure to violence during adolescence as a predictor of perceived stress trajectories in emerging adulthood. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 49, 31–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2017.01.005
Goldstick, J. E., Stoddard, S. A., Carter, P. M., Zimmerman, M. A., Walton, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2016). Characteristic substance misuse profiles among youth entering an urban emergency department: neighborhood correlates and behavioral comorbidities. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 42(6), 671–681. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990.2016.1174707
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2016). Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: An Analysis of Predisposing Factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(1), 225–238. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0267-3
Kruger, D. J., Carrothers, J., Franzen, S. P., Miller, A. L., Reischl, T. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). The Role of Present Time Perspective in Predicting Early Adolescent Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515619752
Stoddard, S. A., & Pierce, J. (2015). Promoting Positive Future Expectations During Adolescence: The Role of Assets. American Journal of Community Psychology, 56(3–4), 332–341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-015-9754-7
Stoddard, S. A., Varela, J. J., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Future Expectations, Attitude Toward Violence, and Bullying Perpetration During Early Adolescence: A Mediation Evaluation. Nursing Research, 64(6), 422–433. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000127
Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., Choe, D. E., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Predicting violent behavior: The role of violence exposure and future educational aspirations during adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 44, 191–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.07.017
Eisman, A. B., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Depressive symptoms, social support, and violence exposure among urban youth: A longitudinal study of resilience. Developmental Psychology, 51(9), 1307–1316. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039501
Singh, V., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Cunningham, R. M., Stoddard, S. A., Chermack, S. T., & Walton, M. A. (2015). Physical dating violence among adolescents and young adults with alcohol misuse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 153, 364–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.05.003
Hsieh, H.-F., Heinze, J. E., Aiyer, S. M., Stoddard, S. A., Wang, J.-L., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Cross-domain influences on youth risky driving behaviors: A developmental cascade analysis. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 38, 11–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2015.03.002
Goldstick, J. E., Lipton, R. I., Carter, P., Stoddard, S. A., Newton, M. F., Reischl, T., Walton, M., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2015). The Effect of Neighborhood Context on the Relationship Between Substance Misuse and Weapons Aggression in Urban Adolescents Seeking ED Care. Substance Use & Misuse. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.998235
Pierce, J., Schmidt, C., & Stoddard, S. A. (2015). The role of feared possible selves in the relationship between peer influence and delinquency. Journal of Adolescence, 38, 17–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.10.009
Stoddard, S. A., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Walton, M. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Chermack, S. T., Blow, F. C., Booth, B. M., & Cunningham, R. M. (2015). Substance use and violence among youth: a daily calendar analysis. Substance Use & Misuse, 50(3), 328–339. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.980953
Cordova, D., Heinze, J., Mistry, R., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S., Salas-Wright, C. P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Family Functioning and Parent Support Trajectories and Substance Use and Misuse among Minority Urban Adolescents: A Latent Class Growth Analysis. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(14), 1908–1919. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.935792
Cordova, D., Heinze, J., Mistry, R., Hsieh, H.-F., Stoddard, S., Salas-Wright, C. P., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Family functioning and parent support trajectories and substance use and misuse among minority urban adolescents: a latent class growth analysis. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(14), 1908–1919. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.935792
Stoddard, S. A., Eisman, A., Aiyer, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). The transition from adolescence to adulthood and associated substance use/abuse. Adolesc Med State Art Rev, 24(3), 611–620.
Aiyer, S. M., Heinze, J. E., Miller, A. L., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Exposure to Violence Predicting Cortisol Response During Adolescence and Early Adulthood: Understanding Moderating Factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(7), 1066–1079. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0097-8
Singh, V., Walton, M. A., Whiteside, L. K., Stoddard, S., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Chermack, S. T., & Cunningham, R. M. (2014). Dating Violence Among Male and Female Youth Seeking Emergency Department Care. Ann Emerg Med. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.05.027
Choe, D. E., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Developmental trajectories of African American adolescents’ family conflict: differences in mental health problems in young adulthood. Dev Psychol, 50(4), 1226–1232. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035199
Hurd, N. M., Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2014). Natural mentors, mental health, and substance use: Exploring pathways via coping and purpose. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 84(2), 190–200. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0099361
Hurd, N. M., Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2013). Neighborhoods, social support, and African American adolescents’ mental health outcomes: a multilevel path analysis. Child Dev, 84(3), 858–874. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12018
Stoddard, S. A., Whiteside, L., Zimmerman, M. A., Cunningham, R. M., Chermack, S. T., & Walton, M. A. (2013). The relationship between cumulative risk and promotive factors and violent behavior among urban adolescents. Am J Community Psychol, 51(1–2), 57–65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-012-9541-7
Zimmerman, M. A., Stoddard, S. A., Eisman, A. B., Caldwell, C. H., Aiyer, S. M., & Miller, A. (2013). Adolescent resilience: Promotive factors that inform prevention. Child Development Perspectives, 7(4), 215–220. http://proxy.lib.umich.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=psyh&AN=2013-40236-004&site=ehost-live&scope=site marcz@umich.edu
Stoddard, S. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Gordon-Messer, D., Johns, M., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2012). Permissive norms and young adults’ alcohol and marijuana use: the role of online communities. J Stud Alcohol Drugs, 73(6), 968–975. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2012.73.968
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2012). A Longitudinal Analysis of Cumulative Risks, Cumulative Promotive Factors, and Adolescent Violent Behavior. J Res Adolesc, 22(3), 542–555. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00786.x
Bauermeister, J. A., Zimmerman, M. A., Johns, M. M., Glowacki, P., Stoddard, S., & Volz, E. (2012). Innovative recruitment using online networks: lessons learned from an online study of alcohol and other drug use utilizing a web-based, Respondent-Driven Sampling (webRDS) strategy. J Stud Alcohol Drugs, 73(5), 834–838. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2012.73.834
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2011). Thinking about the future as a way to succeed in the present: a longitudinal study of future orientation and violent behaviors among African American youth. Am J Community Psychol, 48(3–4), 238–246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9383-0
Stoddard, S. A., & Garcia, C. M. (2011). Hopefulness among non-u.s.-Born latino youth and young adults. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs, 24(4), 216–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6171.2011.00307.x
Stoddard, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2011). Association of interpersonal violence with self-reported history of head injury. Pediatrics, 127(6), 1074–1079. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-2453
Bhimani, R. H., Anderson, L. C., Henly, S. J., & Stoddard, S. A. (2011). Clinical measurement of limb spasticity in adults: state of the science. J Neurosci Nurs, 43(2), 104–115. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=21488584
Stoddard, S. A., Henly, S. J., Sieving, R. E., & Bolland, J. (2011). Social connections, trajectories of hopelessness, and serious violence in impoverished urban youth. J Youth Adolesc, 40(3), 278–295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9580-z